Ολτ (ποταμός)

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Ολτ (ποταμός)
OltulLaTurnuRosu.jpg
ΕκβολέςΔούναβης
Χώρες ΛεκάνηςΡουμανία
Μήκος615 χλμ
Μέση εκροή174 κυβικά μέτρα το δευτερόλεπτο
ΠαραπόταμοιOrmeniș River, Cibin River, Budeș River, Valea Crișului River, Baraolt River, Cormoș River, Râul Negru, Vârghiș River, Bârsa River, Fitod River, Racu River, Pustnic River, Beta River, Bradu River, Segheș River, Pârâul La Clopot, Aita River, Feneș River, Ticuș River, Crăița River, Băiașu River, Podu Mare River, Racovița River, Șandru River, Drăguș River, Făgărășel River, Pleașa River, Corbul Viștei River, Somoș River, Veneția River, Arcuș River, Chepeț River, Cârțișoara River, Arpaș River, Căpâlnaș River, Valea Roșie River, Dogoș River, Podu Mare River, Șoarecu River, Știuca River, Bistrița River, Poenița River, Sipoș River, Șopot River, Valea Scheauții River, Viștea River, Valea Mare River, Vonț River, Fotoș River, Delnița River, Călinești River, Strehareți River, Focșa River, Alunul River, Aninoasa River, Armăsarul River, Avrig River, Beica River, Belinul Mare River, Betel River, Bivolari River, Bogata River, Boia River, Bolovanul River, Borviz River, Bozom River, Breaza River, Cadu River, Calnic River, Canalul Oporelu, Carhaga River, Cepturaru River, Cinculeasa River, Cincu River, Clocociov River, Comana River, Comloș River, Corbul Ucei River, Corlat River, Covaci River, Crizbav River, Crușov River, Cungrea Mică River, Cungrea River, Curpănu River, Cârciuma River, Căciulata River, Căldările River, Debren River, Dridif River, Dâlga River, Dârjov River, Fagu Oltului River, Felmer River, Frasinu River, Fântâna lui Gal River, Galați River, Gaura Dracului River, Gereb River, Gohan River, Gologan River, Govora River, Groapa Mare River, Gârlățel River, Găvan River, Hereț River, Hidegviz River, Hotar River, Hurez River, Iarăș River, Iaz River, Ilieni River, Iminog River, Fieru River, Olteț River, Lotrișor River, Lotrioara River, Lotrișorul River, Lotru River, Lunca Mare River, Lunca River, Luncavăț River, Lupșa River, Lăcașul lui Baboș River, Madicea River, Malnaș River, Mamu River, Mateiașul River, Megieșul River, Milcov River, Minei River, Mitaciul River, Muereasca River, Mușețelu River, Mârșa River, Mădărașul Mic River, Mădărașul Mare River, Măieruș River, Mărtănuș River, Oboga River, Olănești River, Opat River, Plăvaia River, Poganu River, Porumbacu River, Porumbele River, Pesceana River, Prundeni River, Puturoasa River, Pârâul Adânc, Pârâul Adânc, Pârâul Calului, Pârâul Cetății, Pârâul Ciorii, Pârâul Corbului, Pârâul Cărbunarilor, Pârâul Frumos, Pârâul Hotărăl, Pârâul Mare, Pârâul Merilor, Pârâul Morii, Pârâul Minerului, Pârâul Mănăstirii, Pârâul Nou, Pârâul Olarului, Pârâul Odăilor, Pârâul Roșiei, Pârâul Ruzii, Pârâul Satului, Pârâul Satului, Pârâul Scurt, Pârâul Sărat, Pârâul Sărat, Pârâul cu Salcâmi, Pârâul lui Chirică, Pârâul Șoimului, Părău River, Racovița River, Recoltiaș River, Remetea River, Robești River, Rândibou River, Râul Poștei, Râul Sec, Râul Sărăturii, Râul Vadului, Scaunu River, Scoreiu River, Scundu River, Seaca River, Sedloca River, Semeria River, Slâmna River, Somoș River, Sterpu River, Stiniș River, Stupina River, Sugasău River, Suhatul River, Surduc River, Surdui River, Sâmbăta River, Sâmnic River, Sântimbru River, Săliște River, Sălătrucel River, Sărata River, Sărăcinești River, Săvăstreni River, Talomir River, Techera River, Teiu River, Teslui River, Top River, Topolog River, Trepteanca River, Turda River, Tușnad River, Ucea River, Uria River, Valea Baciului River, Valea Caselor River, Valea Cetății River, Valea Fermelor River, Valea Fratelui River, Valea Largă River, Valea Lungă River, Valea Mare River, Valea Mare River, Valea Mare River, Valea Muntelui River, Valea Mărului River, Valea Neagră River, Valea Priboiului River, Valea Părului River, Valea Satului River, Valea Satului River, Valea Scaunelor River, Valea Seacă River, Valea Seacă River, Valea Strâmbă River, Valea cu Pruni River, Valea lui Vlad River, Vlădila River, Vâlcelul Podului River, Văratica River, Zălan River, Șercaia River, Șipote River, Șugău River, Fișag River, d:Q8273911, Sebeș (Brașov), Valea Neagră River, Vâlcele River, Hotaru River, Murgul Mic River, Homorod River, Homorod River, Izvorul Mic River, Mândra River, Netot River, Sebeș River, Telec River, Var, Valea Scurtă River, Mituțu River, Racovicioara River και Urăsa River

Ο Ολτ (ρουμ. και ουγγ. Olt, γερμ. Alt, τουρκ. Oltu) είναι μεγάλος ποταμός της Ρουμανίας. Οι ονομασίες του στις σύγχρονες γλώσσες προέρχονται όλες από την αρχαία ελληνική ονομασία του, Ἄλυτος, μέσω της λατινικής Aluta ή Alutus. Με μήκος 615 χιλιόμετρα είναι ο μακρύτερος από όλους τους ποταμούς που ρέουν αποκλειστικά σε ρουμανικό έδαφος, ενώ η λεκάνη απορροής του έχει έκταση 24.050 τετραγωνικά χιλιόμετρα[1] Η πηγή του βρίσκεται σε υψόμετρο 1.440 μέτρων, στα όρη Χάσμας της ανατολικής οροσειράς των Καρπαθίων, κοντά στην κωμόπολη Μπέλαν και στην πηγή του ποταμού Μούρες. Ο Ολτ διασχίζει 6 διαφορετικούς νομούς της Ρουμανίας: τους Χαργκίτα, Κοβάσνα, Μπρασόβ, Σιμπίου, Βίλτσεα και τον ομώνυμο Νομό Ολτ. Εκτός από τον Νομό Ολτ, και η ιστορική επαρχία της Ολτενίας (γνωστή και ως «Ελάσσων Βλαχία» τον 18ο αιώνα) πήρε το όνομά της από τον ποταμό.

Οι κυριότερες πόλεις από όσες είναι κτισμένες στις όχθες του Ολτ είναι οι Σφίντου Γκεόργκε, Ράμνικου Βάλτσα, Δραγατσάνι και Σλάτινα. Ο Ολτ χύνεται στον Δούναβη κοντά στο Τούρνου Μεγκουρέλε, είναι δηλαδή αριστερός παραπόταμος του Δούναβη.

Φράγματα και λίμνες[Επεξεργασία | επεξεργασία κώδικα]

Για την αποθήκευση πόσιμου νερού και νερού για άρδευση, καθώς και για την παραγωγή υδροηλεκτρικής ενέργειας, 44 φράγματα έχουν ανεγερθεί στη λεκάνη του Ολτ και ισάριθμες τεχνητές λίμνες έχουν δημιουργηθεί. Στον ίδιο τον Ολτ βρίσκονται τα 24 από αυτά, κυρίως για την παραγωγή υδροηλεκτρικής ενέργειας, και άλλα τρία στον παραπόταμό του Λότρου.[2] Τα 24 φράγματα στον Ολτ, από την πηγή προς την εκβολή του, είναι τα εξής: Βόιλα, Βιστέα, Αρπάς, Σκορέιου, Αβρίγκ, Γκούρα Λοτρουλούι, Τούρνου, Καλιμενέστι, Ντεέστι, Ράμνικου Βάλτσα, Ραουρένι, Γκοβόρα, Μπεμπένι, Ιονέστι, Ζεβιντένι, Δραγατσάνι, Στρεγιέστι, Αρσέστι, Σλάτινα, Ιποτέστι, Δραγανέστι, Φρουνζάρου, Ρουσανέστι και Ιζμπισένι. Η συνολική παραγωγή ενέργειας των 43 υδροηλεκτρικών σταθμών της λεκάνης του Ολτ ήταν το 1996 ίση με 2.980 γιγαβατώρες.[3]

Εικόνες[Επεξεργασία | επεξεργασία κώδικα]


Παραπομπές[Επεξεργασία | επεξεργασία κώδικα]

  1. Danube River Basin District, Part A - Roof Report, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (IPCDR), σελ. 12
  2. «Hydro-technical infrastructure in Romania», SEPIC, Βουκουρέστι 2004, σσ. 23-27
  3. Danube Pollution Reduction Programme, National Reviews 1998 Romania, σσ. 84-87