Σουλιώτες: Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων

Μετάβαση στην πλοήγηση Πήδηση στην αναζήτηση
διόρθωση αριθμού σελίδας, +σύνδεσμος προς σελίδα Παπαρρηγόπουλου
(επαναφορά αφαιρεθείσης τεκμηριωμένης πληροφορίας)
(διόρθωση αριθμού σελίδας, +σύνδεσμος προς σελίδα Παπαρρηγόπουλου)
Οι '''Σουλιώτες''' ήταν μία κοινότητα [[Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία|Ορθόδοξων]] [[Χριστιανισμός|Χριστιανικών]] [[αλβανικά γένη|αλβανόφωνων γενών]], που κατοικούσε στην [[ιστορική περιοχή]] του [[Σούλι|Σουλίου]] στην [[Ήπειρος (διαμέρισμα)|Ήπειρο]], κατά την [[Οθωμανική περίοδος στην Ελλάδα|Οθωμανική περίοδο]].
 
Καθιέρωσαν μία αυτόνομη συνομοσπονδία με μεγάλο αριθμό χωριών, σε ένα ενιαίο σύνολο απομακρυσμένων και δύσβατων περιοχών της Ηπείρου. Στην ακμή της ισχύος τους, υπολογίζεται ότι η συνομοσπονδία των Σουλιωτών είχε 12.000 πληθυσμό και πάνω από 60 χωριά.<ref name=":3">Μπίρης(1960: 285ff.) βλ. επίσης Κ. Παπαρρηγόπουλος (1925), ''Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους'', Ε-145[https://anemi.lib.uoc.gr/php/pdf_pager.php?rec=/metadata/1/1/e/metadata-01-0000105.tkl&do=59795_05_02.pdf&pageno=163&pagestart=1&width=483&height=691&maxpage=274&lang=en 146].</ref> Ήταν δίγλωσσοι σε [[αρβανίτικα]] και [[ελληνική γλώσσα|ελληνικά]]·<ref name="Psimouli2006-214">{{harvnb|Ψιμούλη|2006|p=214}}</ref><ref name=":0">{{Cite book|title=Ali Pasha, Lion of Ioannina: The Remarkable Life of the Balkan Napoleon|first=Quentin|last=Russell|first2=Eugenia|last2=Russell|publisher=Pen and Sword Books|isbn=978-1-47387-722-1|year=2017|location=|page=|quote=In Thesprotia in western Epirus two tribes of Albanian origin stubbornly held on to their semi-autonomous way of life, the Muslim Tsamides or Chams, a south Albanian sub-group, and particularly the inhabitants of the mountainous area of Suli. The historic core of Suli consisted of four villages and their linked families, the heads of which formed a council. Renowned for their fighting prowess, the Suliotes ranks were swelled during the eighteenth century by disaffected Greeks drawn to the remoteness of their wild refuge, and a further seven villages were added lower down the mountain, forming a frontier zone from which the inhabitants would retreat in times of trouble. The code of these independently minded and warlike people was summed up by George Finlay as: 'Depredation they honoured with the name of war, and war they considered to be the only honourable occupation for a true Suliot.' Classified by the Turks as Greeks, they spoke both Albanian and Greek. The mountain regions enjoyed their degree of autonomy at a price. It was a harsh environment, and the communities, who relied heavily on sheep husbandry for their survival, were obliged to protect themselves and their flocks from raids and the arbitrary acts of the Ottoman provincial governors by going well-armed. With the addition of marginalized Greeks, the constant surplus of able-bodied men meant it that was a small step to the formation of a warrior society.}}</ref> τα δε γραπτά τους ήταν όλα στα ελληνικά, όπως συνέβαινε με τους αλβανόφωνους της περιοχής.<ref name="Psimouli2006-215-6"/>.<ref name="Psimouli2006-215-6" /><ref name=":0" /> Υπάρχει διχογνωμία μεταξύ των ερευνητών<ref>{{Cite book|title=Ο ΧΟΡΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΖΑΛΟΓΓΟΥ ΩΣ ΗΘΙΚΟ ΔΙΛΗΜΜΑ|first=Μιχαήλ Β.|last=Γαλενιανός|publisher=Νεκτάριος Δ. Παναγόπουλος|year=2003|chapter=Ἡ Καταγωγή τῶν Σουλιωτῶν|location=|page=11-19|quote=Ἡ προέλευση τῶν Σουλιωτῶν δέν εἶναι ἐπακριβῶς προσδιορισμένη. ...}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|title=The Ionian Islands: Aspects of Their History and Culture|first=Jim|last=Potts|publisher=Cambridge Scholars Publishing|isbn=978-1-4438-5825-0|year=2014|chapter=The Souliots in Souli and Corfu and the Strange Case of Photos Tzavellas|editor-last1=Hirst|editor-first1=Anthony|editor-last2=Sammon|editor-first2=Patrick|location=|page=108|γλώσσα=en|quote=Greek academics have not been able to agree whether the Souliots were Albanian, Albanian-speaking Greeks, or a mixture of Greeks and Hellenized Christian Albanians who had settled in northern Greece. The issue of the origin and ethnicity of the Souliots is very much a live and controversial issue in Greece today. Foreign writers have been equally divided.}}</ref> για το εάν ήταν αλβανικός,<ref>
* Mazower, Mark ''The Greek Revolution: 1821 and the Making of Modern Europe'', p. xxx: "On the Greek side, there were the Christian Albanian Souliot bands, hardened mountain fighters based around clan leaders who gradually became integrated into the national war effort.", p. 44: "Since then Perraivos had formed a close bond with the Souliots, the exiled Christian Albanian tribes who had suffered greatly at the hands of Ali Pasha."
 

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